In regular occasions, ride-hailing companies akin to Uber and Lyft in trendy cities trigger a spike within the variety of collisions between motorists and pedestrians at pick-up and drop-off places, a brand new examine has revealed.
The examine, printed within the journal Injury Prevention, is the primary to make use of knowledge for particular person ride-hailing journeys, somewhat than evaluating cities the place ride-hailing is out there to these the place it isn’t obtainable.
“Ridesharing is changing the way we move around cities. It is becoming clear that the technology reduces alcohol-related crashes, but these benefits do not seem to extend to the overall number of crashes,” mentioned examine first writer Christopher Morrison from Columbia University within the US.
“The findings can explain why that might be because the reductions in alcohol-related crashes are off-set by increases in other types of crashes,” Morrison added.
Motor automobile crashes are one of many primary causes of loss of life globally, and every year round 1.three million folks die on the roads.
In the US, 33,654 had been killed in 2018, and an extra 2.three million folks had been injured.
Ride-hailing companies, akin to Uber and Lyft, have facilitated over 11 billion journeys within the US since operations started in 2010.
Several research have recognized that alcohol-involved motorcar crashes decreased when ride-hailing companies develop into obtainable in a metropolis, however these research additionally discover no change within the total variety of crashes.
For the findings, the analysis workforce used knowledge for 372 million ride-hail journeys in New York City for 2017 and 2018.
The workforce recognized areas of town the place a motorcar crash occurred after which calculated the variety of ride-hailing journeys that originated close by on the time of the crash, and in contrast this to the variety of ride-hailing journeys that originated in the identical location one week earlier than the crash and one week afterwards.
They carried out this identical process for taxis and separated crashes in keeping with the individuals who had been injured — motorists, pedestrians, and cyclists.
The outcomes demonstrated that will increase in ride-hailing had been linked to the rise in crashes wherein motorists and pedestrians had been injured. They didn’t discover any hyperlink for cyclists crashes or for taxi journeys.
Cities and ride-hailing corporations can use this data to assist stop accidents.
“There are so many rideshare trips every day in our cities, even tiny changes in risks can have a big impact on the total number of injuries,” mentioned Morrison.
“In congested areas with large numbers of rideshare pick-ups and drop-offs, cities could consider installing taxi-rank style infrastructure to protect pedestrians and prevent crashes,” Morrison added.