A Rafale jet at Ambala Air Force station. (Image credit: ANI Twitter)

MiG-21 Bison, Sukhoi Su-30MKI to Rafale: Key Additions That Underline IAF’s Air Prowess

by Jyoti

A Rafale jet at Ambala Air Force station. (Image credit score: ANI Twitter)

From shopping for the MIG-21 Bison approach again in 1961 to lastly getting the multirole fight fighter Rafale in 2020, the Indian Air Force has change into a pressure to reckon with.

  • PTI New Delhi
  • Last Updated: August 2, 2020, 9:46 AM IST

From choosing the Russian Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau-made MiG 21 in 1961 to receiving the primary batch of 5 French-manufactured Rafale multi-role fight jets on Wednesday, India has come a good distance in boosting its air-strike prowess.

Some of the important thing fighter jet acquisitions over time and the fight capabilities they possess that made India’s airmen a pressure to reckon with are:

Rafale jets:

India on Wednesday acquired its first batch of latest multirole fight fighter plane in almost 20 years with the arrival of 5 Rafale jets, giving the nation’s air energy a strategic edge.

The NDA authorities inked a ₹59,000-crore deal in September 2016 to obtain 36 Rafale jets from French aerospace main Dassault Aviation. European missile maker MBDA’s Meteor past visible vary air-to-air missile, Scalp cruise missile and MICA weapons system are the mainstay of the weapons bundle of the Rafale jets.

The IAF can be procuring new era medium-range modular air-to-ground weapon system Hammer to combine with the Rafale jets.

SU-30 MKI:

Inducted in 2002, the Russian superior fighter jets are the first air-to-air and air-to-ground strike machines. It is a twin-seater twin-engine multirole fighter of Russian origin which carries One X 30mm GSH gun together with 8000 kg exterior armament.

It is able to carrying quite a lot of medium-range guided air to air missiles with energetic or semi-active radar or Infrared homing shut vary missiles. It has a max pace of 2500 km/hr (Mach 2.35).


The Mirage-2000, one of many Indian Air Force’s (IAF) most versatile and deadliest plane, was first commissioned in 1985. The Mirage-2000 is developed by Dassault Aviation. It is single-seater air defence and multi-role fighter of French origin powered by a single-engine.

It can attain a max pace of 2495 km/hr(Mach 2.3). It carries two 30 mm integral cannons and two matra tremendous 530D medium-range and two R-550 magic II shut fight missiles on exterior stations.


The Soviet-sourced ground-attack plane was designed by Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau and was manufactured by HAL below a license settlement. It is a single-engine, single-seater tactical strike fighter plane of Russian origin having a most pace of 1700 km/hr (Mach 1.6). It carries one 23 mm six-barrel rotary integral cannon and may carry as much as 4,000 kg of one other armament externally.


Another Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau produced MiG was launched within the 1970s to counter US’ F-Series planes like F-15 and F-16. It was commissioned in IAF in 1985. The MiG29 types the second line of defence after the Sukhoi Su-30MKI.

It is a twin-engine, single-seater air superiority fighter plane which is able to attaining a most pace of two,445 km per hour (Mach-2.3). It has a fight ceiling of 17 km. It carries a 30 mm cannon together with 4 R-60 shut fight and two R-27 R medium-range radar-guided missiles.


The SEPECAT Jaguar is a fighter jet developed collectively by British Royal Air Force and French Air Force. It is a twin-engine, single-seater deep penetration strike plane of Anglo-French origin which has a most pace of 1350 km /hr (Mach 1.3). It has two 30mm weapons and may carry two R-350 Magic CCMs (overwing) together with 4750 kg of exterior shops (bombs/gasoline).

MiG-21 Bison:

In 1961, the IAF opted for the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau-made MIG 21. The single-engine, single-seater multirole fighter/floor assault plane of Russian origin types the spine of the IAF. It has a max pace of 2230 km/hr (Mach 2.1) and carries one 23mm twin-barrel cannon with 4 R-60 shut fight missiles.

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