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Here’s How Car Safety Has Evolved Over the Years – From Seatbelts to Autonomous Braking

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Here's How Car Safety Has Evolved Over the Years - From Seatbelts to Autonomous Braking


1998 Toyota Corolla vs. 2015 Toyota Corolla (Photo: ANCAP)

Here is a timeline of how the automotive security has developed over time.

  • Information18.com
  • Last Updated: March 19, 2020, 10:15 AM IST
  • Edited by: Arjit Garg

Indian car producers have been by no means recognized for giving significance on car security, for Indian patrons have been at all times inclined in the direction of pricing and mileage. However, the previous couple of years have been large for car security as makers like volvo have impressed Indian carmakers. Tata Motors, as an illustration, is now making Global NCAP 5-star rated vehicles and so is Mahindra. This push from automakers have made individuals rethink about priorities.

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But have you ever ever questioned from the place did security in automotive start? From seat belts to Electronic Stability Control, automotive security has come a good distance for the reason that first vehicles have been developed through the 19th century. In truth, automotive security is as previous as the auto itself. The first recorded fatality involving a car occurred in 1869 when Mary Ward, an Anglo-Irish scientist, was killed when she fell beneath the wheels of an experimental steam automotive constructed by her cousins. It’s probably that this occasion spurred authorities to undertake car and highway security measures to guard not solely drivers but in addition pedestrians.

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Here is a timeline how automotive security has developed over time:-

Brake Systems

Since the earliest vehicles within the 19th century, brake methods have been used, and so they have continued to evolve ever since, from early drum brakes to modern-day discs. The earliest brake system consisted solely of wood blocks and a single lever utilized by the driving force to use the brake. Mechanical drum brakes have been developed in the beginning of the 20th century, and these have been adopted by increasing inside present brakes, which was the primary brake system to be fastened contained in the car’s body. This was adopted in 1922 by the four-wheel hydraulic brake system. This system used fluids to switch drive to the brake present when the pedal was pressed.

Arrival of essential security gadgets

By the 1930s, extra security gadgets have been included within the manufacturing of vehicles, equivalent to laminated glass windshields. In 1934, the primary barrier crash check was carried out, whereas a back-up brake system was invented by Hudson Terraplane in 1936, whereas the primary flip indicators have been launched by Buick in 1937.

A 1937 Hudson Terraplane. (Image: Hyundai)

A 1937 Hudson Terraplane. (Image: Hyundai)

Introduction of seat belts

American producer Tucker constructed the world’s first padded dashboard in 1947, whereas Swedish producers developed proto-seat belts within the type of a security cage in 1949, though the easy two-point design had been round for the reason that early 1900s. The Scandinavian nation made seat belts commonplace in 1958 and was additionally answerable for creating the three-point seat belt. Resembling a Y-shape, the three-point belt is efficient in dispersing the vitality of the transferring physique (over chest, pelvis and shoulders) throughout a collision. These grew to become commonplace gear in vehicles in 1970. The first elective headrests for the entrance seat of vehicles arrived in 1959, whereas padded dashboards have been launched to the primary manufacturing vehicles in 1960.

Evolution of Airbags

First conceived within the 1950s, airbags have been launched within the 1970s however took some time to take off as they didn’t work effectively at the side of the newly-required lap belt. It reappeared in some German vehicles in 1981, when it was used at the side of a three-point seat belt. Although the primary digital sensors to set off airbags within the case of an accident have been launched way back to 1968, it wasn’t till the early 1990s that lower-end vehicles began to incorporate driver airbags, and side-impact airbags appeared in the direction of the tip of the last decade. Airbags grew to become necessary in all automobiles in 1998.

Hyundai Airbag

Hyundai new panoramic sunroof airbag. (Image: Hyundai)

Anti-Locking Braking Systems

The earliest braking system utilized stress solely to the rear wheels. In the case of an emergency, the automotive’s again wheels would lock up, inflicting the automotive to swerve and slide dangerously to a halt. Today’s anti-locking brakes (ABS) have been first developed for plane to forestall wheels from locking when touchdown. ABS have been first utilized in vehicles within the 1970s, earlier than changing into commonplace within the late 1980s. ABS detects the rotational velocity of the car’s particular person wheels and releases hydraulic fluid if the wheel is rotating too slowly. This supplies steering management when braking on moist and slippery surfaces.

Electronic Stability Control

First utilized in 1983 earlier than changing into commonplace in car manufacturing within the early 1990s, Electronic Stability Control (ESC) assists drivers after they undertake corning manoeuvres by detecting any lack of traction and successfully making use of brakes to particular person wheels. This ensures higher dealing with and car stability in sudden highway circumstances or tough terrains.

Autonomous security options

In the previous few years, superior autonomous security options have develop into agency fixtures of recent vehicles. The first autonomous brake system, which senses stationary visitors earlier than warning drivers and priming the brakes to cease, was launched in 2008. The 2010s has seen a spread of latest energetic security and driving help options. These embody options equivalent to Lane Keeping Assist, which sends visible and audio alerts to assist drivers keep of their lane, whereas Lane Departure Warning System alerts drivers with clear visible and sound warnings if their automotive begins to float outdoors of its meant lane with out a warning sign. Meanwhile, Driver Attention Warning constantly screens and analyses driving patterns by way of knowledge inputs such because the steering angle, steering torque and car place within the visitors lane.



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Top 10 Best-Selling Cars In August 2020

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Last month, a number of producers posted progress of their month-to-month gross sales volumes, displaying indicators of restoration, and listed here are the highest 10 best-selling vehicles in August 2020.



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Maruti Suzuki India continues to dominate the rating with 7 out of 10 fashions coming from its steady

The passenger automobile phase has lastly began to witness indicators of restoration in India. A majority of auto producers posted progress of their month-to-month gross sales volumes for August 2020, and in accordance with Jato Dynamics India, final month, passenger automotive gross sales grew by 20 per cent in comparison with August 2019. However, we’ve got to think about the truth that final yr, throughout this era, the auto business was already going through a extreme slowdown, and regardless of witnessing progress the present volumes are nowhere close to what we noticed in August 2018. Having stated that, given the present situations, brought on by the coronavirus pandemic and the resultant lockdown, progress is a optimistic signal nonetheless, and listed here are the highest 10 best-selling vehicles in August 2020.

The passenger automobile gross sales grew by 20% in August on an annual foundation. However, they’re nowhere close to the gross sales ranges in August 2018. The manufacturing and availability have improved however the demand continues to be tepid. The business is keenly trying ahead to the pageant season. pic.twitter.com/I5hpMnYTwj


— JATO Dynamics India (@JATOIndia) September 8, 2020

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The Maruti Suzuki Swift was the best-selling vehicles in India within the month of August 2020 with the corporate promoting 14,397 items of the automotive

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Maruti Suzuki India continues to dominate the rating with 7 out of 10 fashions coming from its steady, and in August the primary spot was taken by its compact hatch Swift with 14,869 items, pushing July’s high performer, Alto to the second spot with 14,397 items. Subsequently, the Wagon R got here all the way down to the third spot with 13,770 items being offered in August, whereas the Dzire, which was on the sixth spot in July 2020, levelled as much as the fourth place with 13,629 items. The Hyundai Creta got here down a spot to the fifth place with 11,785 items, nevertheless it retained its high place because the nations best-selling SUV.

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Also Read: Maruti Suzuki Finally Sees Y-o-Y Growth After 6 Months, Sales Rise By Over 17% in August 2020












Model July Sales Model July Sales
1 Maruti Suzuki Swift 14,869 Maruti Suzuki Alto 13,654
2 Maruti Suzuki Alto 14,397 Maruti Suzuki Wagon-R 13,515
3 Maruti Suzuki Wagon-R 13,770 Maruti Suzuki Baleno 11,575
4 Maruti Suzuki Dzire 13,629 Hyundai Creta 11,549
5 Hyundai Creta 11,758 Maruti Suzuki Swift 10,173
6 Maruti Suzuki Baleno 10,742 Maruti Suzuki Dzire 9,046
7 Kia Seltos 10,665 Maruti Suzuki Ertiga 8,504
8 Hyundai Grand i10 10,190 Maruti Suzuki Eeco 8,501
9 Maruti Suzuki Ertiga 9,302 Hyundai Grand i10 8,368
10 Maruti Suzuki Eeco 9,115 Kia Seltos 8,270
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The Hyundai Creta continued to be the best-selling SUV in India on the fifth spot, whereas the Kia Seltos jumped up two spots with 10,655 items

Also Read: Car Sales August 2020: Hyundai Registers 20% Growth In Domestic Market

The Baleno, which was the third best-selling mannequin in July, got here all the way down to the sixth spot in August with 10,742 items. On the opposite hand, the Kia Seltos, which was on the tenth place in July raised to the seventh spot with 10,655 items. Hyundai Grand i10 additionally jumped as much as the eighth spot from the earlier ninth place with the corporate promoting 10,190 items of the compact hatchback. Maruti Suzuki India’s Ertiga and Eeco each got here down two positions to the ninth and tenth spot with 9,302 and 9,115 items, respectively.

Also Read: Maruti Suzuki Eeco Reaches 7 Lakh Sales Milestone In 10 Years

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The firm promoting 10,190 items of the Hyundai Grand i10 compact hatchback

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Despite the shuffling of positions, in comparison with July 2020, all aforementioned ten vehicles have managed to stay within the ‘Top 10 Best-Selling Cars’ listing.

For the newest auto news and reviews, observe carandbike.com on Twitter, Facebook, and subscribe to our YouTube channel.



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2020 Independence Day: India’s Top Bollywood Movies With Cars And Motorcycles – carandbike

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Here are some contemporary movies where automobiles had an important role to play

This Independence Day, to rejoice the bond between cars and Bollywood, we checklist down a few of the well-known up to date films the place cars had an essential position to play.



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Here are some up to date films the place cars had an essential position to play

A movie is without doubt one of the finest types of storytelling and in the case of Indian cinema, particularly Bollywood films, over time now we have some wonderful tales come to life on the large display screen. But be it comedy, motion, or drama now we have a particular liking for tales that revolve round automobiles and bikes. And we all know there are a number of petrol heads such as you on the market who assume like us. From the traditional Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi to a few of the badly made films like Tarzan – The Wonder Car now we have even ended up watching all of them. So, this Independence Day, to rejoice that bond between cars and Bollywood, we checklist down a few of the well-known up to date films the place cars had an essential position to play.

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Dhoom Movie Franchise

ki71rvoSo far there have been three films within the Dhoom franchise staring John Abraham, Hrithik Roshan and Aamir Khan respectively with Abhishek Bachchan and Uday Chopra

When you speak about bikes and flicks, you can not omit the Dhoom film franchise. So far there have been three Dhoom films and the premise has been the identical – some high-octane chase sequences with some unique superbikes that revolve across the story of a wise cop who units out to catch out a thief who’s smarter than him. The first ‘Dhoom’ film had the enduring Suzuki Hayabusa and the Suzuki GSX-R600 because the bikes which have been ridden by the dangerous guys. The Suzuki Bandit 1200 was the selection of the great guys performed by Abhishek Bachchan and Uday Chopra. The second Dhoom film had Hrithik Roshan taking part in the villain and was seen driving the GSX-R1000 whereas Abhishek Bachchan rode the Suzuki GSR 600. The third and the ultimate Dhoom film had Aamir Khan because the antagonist and was seen driving the muscular BMW Ok 1300 R whereas Uday Chopra had the BMW S 1000 RR as his journey. Fast-paced chase sequences, slick enhancing and quite a lot of particular results, the Dhoom film franchise was one of the vital iconic automobile-based films to have come out of Bollywood.

Drive

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The lead pair – Sushant Singh and Jacqueline Fernandes – dole out a watchable performances, and there have been some respectable chase sequences as nicely

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Sadly, this was a kind of badly made films that we spoke about earlier. One of the primary mainstream Bollywood films to be launched on a streaming platform moderately than theatres, Drive was one of many final films of not too long ago deceased actor Shushant Singh Rajput. The makers of the film had most likely got down to make an Indian model of the Fast and the Furious, however a weak storyline, dangerous visible results for automobile stunts, and poorly modified automobiles turned a few of the causes for its downfall. However, the lead pair – Sushant Singh and Jacqueline Fernandes – dole out a watchable performances, and there have been some respectable chase sequences as nicely, so general it was a very good one-time-watch.

Also Read: ‘War Movie’: Hrithik Roshan And Tiger Shroff Ride BMW Motorcycles In This Action Movie

War

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War Movie Scene: The R nineT Scrambler is thoroughbred efficiency bike.

While the Hrithik Roshan and Tiger Shroff starrer is extra of a spy thriller moderately than a film about automobiles or bikes, however like Mission Impossible films it has some satisfying chase sequences. There is one with two BMW Motorcycles, particularly the R nineT Scrambler and the F 750 GS, ridden by the 2 male protagonists, respectively. In the sequences, Hrithik is seen tearing the highway aside on an attractive BMW R nineT Scrambler with Tiger Shroff chasing him on a BMW F 750 GS journey motorbike. Later on, in direction of the top of the film, there may be one more chase sequence on Ice falts that is even greater and entails a few Audi R8 V10s. While the film itself was fairly an pleasing thriller, the motion sequenced with the supercars and motorbike definitely made it a worthwhile look ahead to us.

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Tarzan: The Wonder Car

ihbmvq6cNot the most effective storyline, however again then it was an honest one-time-watch, plus it had the autonomous Supercar as nicely

Also Read: Coronavirus Lockdown: Best Bollywood Car And Bike Movies To Binge On

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Yep, we needed to go there! Sure, the film wasn’t a smashing success nevertheless it was DC Design at its finest, making a model new sportscar for a film. ‘Tarzan’ was a automobile constructed by the hero at his dwelling storage and someway it will get supernatural powers which allow it to heal itself, drive itself (yeah, India cracked autonomous driving 15 years in the past earlier than it was a factor) and even shield the occupants from crashes and bullets. Not the most effective storyline however hey, it was respectable writing no less than. Plus, the Tarzan was really a half-decent trying automobile from DC Design too.

For the most recent auto information and evaluations, observe carandbike on Twitter, Facebook, and subscribe to our YouTube channel.



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2020 Independence Day: Top Five Made-In-India Cars That Are Exported Overseas – carandbike

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Brands like Maruti Suzuki, Jeep, Ford, & Hyundai, export their global products from India


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Brands like Maruti Suzuki, Jeep, Ford, & Hyundai, export their international merchandise from India

The Indian auto business has grown fairly vastly in the previous couple of years, and increasingly more international manufacturers have began venturing into our market. In reality, manufacturers like Suzuki, Kia Motors, Jeep, Ford, and Hyundai amongst others have turned India into an export hub for a few of their globally-renowned choices. On the 74th Independence Day, we listing down a few of the prime India-made vehicles which can be exported from India.

Here Are Top India-Made Cars and SUV Sold In Global Markets:

Maruti Suzuki Baleno

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Maruti Suzuki Baleno is exported to international markets like Japan, Indonesia and Europe

The Maruti Suzuki Baleno, globally bought as Suzuki Baleno, is likely one of the few India-made fashions which can be exported to their house markets. It is manufactured solely in India, by Maruti Suzuki, on the firm’s Sanand plant, and is exported to international markets in Asia (Japan and Indonesia) and Europe. The Baleno bought a facelift final 12 months and is constructed however is predicated on the identical Heartec platform. The solely engine on supply now’s the 1.2-litre four-cylinder Dualjet petrol engine with SHVS (Smart Hybrid Vehicle by Suzuki) which is mated to a five-speed guide transmission as commonplace whereas a CVT computerized gearbox is optionally available.

Kia Seltos

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The Kia Seltos is exported to 40 international locations from India.

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The Kia Seltos has been a blockbuster hit within the Indian market and has been garnering good curiosity in thee international market as effectively. India is alos onee of the export hubs for the Korean carmaker and the Kia Seltos is exported to as many as 40 international locations from India. Kia Motors India can also be planning to extend the manufacturing capability of its Anantpur plant to satisfy the growing demand for the Seltos within the home market in addition to abroad. The Kia Seltos is out there in 16 variants and provides patrons to decide on simply the appropriate model for themselves. The automotive is powered by two petrol and one diesel engine choices, that are a part of the third era Smartstream household of engines, all of that are BS6 compliant. Power on the Seltos comes from the 1.4-litre GDI turbo petrol that develops 138 bhp and 242 Nm of peak torque, and is paired with a 6-speed guide and 7-speed DCT computerized transmission. There’s additionally the 1.5-litre naturally aspirated petrol that belts out 113 bhp and 144 Nm of peak torque, and is paired with a 6-speed guide and an IVT (Intelligent repeatedly variable transmission) computerized transmission. Lastly, the 1.5-litre VGT diesel produces 113 bhp and 250 Nm of torque, and is paired with a 6-speed guide and a 6-speed torque converter computerized gearbox.

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Jeep Compass

jeep compass exports

Jeep at present exports the made-in-India Compass to RHD markets like – United Kingdom, Australia, Brunei, Japan and Thailand.

The Jeep Compass is the preferred providing from the Fiat Chrysler-owned American SUV producer in India. Launched in early 2017, the Compass was Jeep’s first Jeep mannequin to be domestically manufactured in India on the firm’s Ranjangaon plant. However, proper on the time of the lunch, the corporate had introduced that India can even grow to be the export hub for all right-hand-drive (RHD) markets for the Jeep Compass. Jeep at present exports the made-in-India Compass to RHD markets like – United Kingdom, Australia, Brunei, Japan and Thailand. The India-spec mannequin is out there with two engine choices – a 1.4-litre, four-cylinder, turbocharged MultiAir petrol and a 2.0-litre, four-cylinder, turbocharged MultiJet diesel engine.

Ford EcoSport

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Ford EcoSport is exported to markets like – South Africa, Taiwan, Japan, and Australia

Although the Ford EcoSport SUV was initially developed for the Brazilian market, India was one of many few new markets to fabricate the second-generation EcoSport, the mannequin that’s extensively identified in the present day. The EcoSport is manufactured in India at Ford’s Chennai plant and the preliminary export models had been despatched to the European market, in 2013. By 2015, the Ford EcoSport was being exported to markets like – South Africa, Taiwan, Japan, and Australia, and by 2017 the India-made SUV entered the United States, the model’s house market. In India, the EcoSport is at present out there in three engine choices – the brand new 1.5-litre three-cylinder petrol engine from the dragon household, the drained and examined 1.5-litre diesel engine and award-winning 1.0-litre EcoBoost engine.

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Tata Harrier

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The Tata Harrier is exported to a few of the Asian markets from India.

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Tata Motors additionally exports the Harrier from India to a few of the Asian markets. The SUV has been given an update lately which introduced delicate updates in its styling together with a fairly a number of updates within the options division. It is now BS6 compliant and will get a panoramic sunroof, powered driver seats and new dual-tone alloy wheels amongst others. That stated, the largest update that it acquired is the automated transmission which was lacking when it was launched in 2018 and Tata Motors instructed us that they had been engaged on it. Under the hood there’s nonetheless the Fiat-sourced 2.0-litre, four-cylinder engine. At 168 bhp it belts out about 30 bhp extra whereas the torque stays the identical at 350 Nm. It’s mated to a model new 6-speed computerized transmission sourced from Hyundai.

For the most recent auto information and evaluations, observe carandbike on Twitter, Facebook, and subscribe to our YouTube channel.



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